World Bicycle History

Thursday, August 18, 2011

As written in the Columbia Encyclopedia, ancestor of the bike is estimated to come from France. According to newspaper history, the country has since the beginning of the 18th century knew that the two-wheeled transportation device called velocipede. For years, the velocipede was the only term that refers to the design and construction of two-wheeled vehicles.

To be sure, the construction is not yet familiar with iron. Model was still very "primitive". Some say without a crank, pedal stick steering (handlebars), some are saying already familiar with the crank and the handlebars, but the construction of the timber.

Was a German named Baron von Drais Karls Sauerbronn noteworthy as one falsifies velocipede. 1818, von Sauerbronn make two-wheeled transportation tools to support its work efficiency. As the chief forester Baden, he does need a means of transportation of high mobility. But, the developed model seems still ambiguous, between bicycles and horse-drawn carriage. So that people dub the Baron's creation as a dandy horse.

Only in 1839, Kirkpatrick MacMillan, a blacksmith born in Scotland, made ​​the "engine" specifically for bicycles. Certainly not a machine like those of the motorcycle, but more like driving a crank is turned, through the movement up and down the foot pedal. MacMillan had been "bold" with a rod connecting the crank was steering (handlebars simple).

While noting efforts to improve encyclopedia French inventor Ernest Michaux in 1855, by making a weight crank, until the bike is more stable rate. More and more perfect after the Frenchman, Pierre Lallement (1865) strengthens the wheel by adding an iron circle around it (now known as the rim or wheel). Lallement is also introducing a bike with the front wheels is greater than the rear wheels.

But the most significant progress occurred during perforated steel-making technology has been found, following a good growing iron grafting techniques, as well as the discovery of tire rubber as a raw material. However, safety and comfort factors remain unresolved. Since the suspension technology (per etc.) has not been found, wobble and shake frequently make their riders back pain. Half joking, Lallement bike community dubbed as boneshaker (penggoyang bone).

So do not be surprised if in the era of the 1880s, three-wheel bikes that are considered safer for women and men whose legs are too short to ride a conventional bicycle became so popular. Trend two-wheelers again after the establishment of a worldwide first bicycle factory in Coventry, England in 1885. James Starley was established factories are increasingly finding momentum after 1888, John Dunlop tire technology to find the wind. The rate of bicycle was no longer shaking.

Other inventions, such as brakes, gear ratio which can be changed, chains, handlebars that can be moved, and many more add to the attractiveness bike. Since then, millions of people started to make bicycles as a means of transportation, with America and Europe as a pioneer. Although slowly, his role began to cut off cars and motorcycles, bicycles still have observer. Even the notoriously rabid fans.


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